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In doing so, this would effectively abrogate the clauses in the Treaty of Versailles that limited Germany's naval power. [34], Repairs were completed by March 1941, and in June Lützow steamed to Norway. Deutschland German battleship class, built 1903-08. As built, they were wet in a head sea, though this was significantly improved by the installation of a clipper bow in 1940–1941. [31][lower-alpha 6], Schleswig-Holstein after 1936 and her reconstruction to a training ship, In August 1939, Schleswig-Holstein conducted what was purported to be a ceremonial tour of the Baltic to commemorate the sinking of the light cruiser SMS Magdeburg in August 1914. The barbettes, 100 mm thick in Deutschland, became 125 mm for the two sisters. [2] The gun caliber of any new ship was not regulated by the Treaty itself,[3] though the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control (NIACC) created by the Treaty did have authority to regulate the armament of all new warships. [12], Following their commissioning beginning in 1906, the ships joined the II Battle Squadron of the Heimatflotte (Home Fleet), which also included the Braunschweig-class ships. [11], The ships' hulls were constructed with transverse steel frames; over 90 percent of the hulls used welding instead of the then standard riveting, which saved 15 percent of their total hull weight. [27], Admiral Graf Spee, the third and final member of the class, was also ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Kriegsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven. [8], Deutschland could carry up to 2,750 t (2,710 long tons) of fuel oil, which provided a maximum range of 17,400 nautical miles (32,200 km; 20,000 mi) at a speed of 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph). They had a beam of 22.2 m (73 ft) and a draft of 8.21 m (26.9 ft) forward. [13] Each set was controlled by transmissions built by AG Vulcan. Photograph courtesy of the Imperial War Museum, London. The guns could hit targets out to 11,000 m (12,000 yd). [9], The Deutschland-class ships were equipped with Krupp cemented armor. At a higher speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), the range fell to 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi). The Navy was permitted a force of six pre-dreadnought battleships and six light cruisers; the ships could not be replaced until they were twenty years old. [16] Deutschland's underwater protection consisted of a 45 mm (1.8 in) thick torpedo bulkhead; Admiral Scheer's and Admiral Graf Spee's bulkheads were reduced to 40 mm (1.6 in). An October 1928 attempt by the Communist Party of Germany to initiate a referendum against the construction failed. The ships were designed to displace 13,191 metric tons (12,983 long tons) with a standard load, and displaced up to 14,218 metric tons (13,993 long tons) at full load. [4][b] The Allies assumed that with these limitations, only coastal defense ships similar to those operated by the Scandinavian navies could be built. The Reichsmarine initially intended to lay down the first armored ship in 1926, but the design had not yet been finalized. Standard displacement grew from 10,600 long tons (10,800 t) for Deutschland to 11,550 long tons (11,740 t) for Admiral Scheer and 12,340 long tons (12,540 t) for Admiral Graf Spee. Steering was controlled by a single rudder. Lützow and Admiral Scheer were deployed to Norway in 1942 to join the attacks on Allied convoys to the Soviet Union. KMS Deutschland (later becoming the KMS Lutzow) was the lead ship of her class first ordered in 1928 and serving in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War 2. Schlesien was re-boilered and converted into a training ship as well in 1936. eds. [3] Deutschland replaced Kaiser Wilhelm II as the flagship of the fleet. Before the outbreak of World War II, Deutschland and Admiral Graf Spee were deployed to the Atlantic to put them in position to attack Allied merchant traffic once war was declared. Deutschland and her sisters carried a number of smaller vessels, including two picket boats, one admiral's barge, two launches, one pinnace, two cutters, two yawls, and two dinghies. Only do this if these links relate to the wiki subject. The Deutschland class was a series of three Panzerschiffe (armored ships), a form of heavily armed cruiser, built by the Reichsmarine officially in accordance with restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. To replace the battleships, new vessels were to displace at most 10,000 long tons (10,000 t); Germany's potential rivals were at this time limited to building vessels of 35,000 long tons (36,000 t) by the Washington Naval Treaty [26] She was completed slightly over a year and a half later on 12 November 1934, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. Admiral Scheer had been rearmed by 1945 with six 4 cm (1.6 in) guns, eight 3.7 cm guns, and thirty-three 2 cm guns. Home; Books; Search; Support. Admiral Graf Spee sank nine vessels in the South Atlantic before she was confronted by three British cruisers at the Battle of the River Plate. Overview of 5 vessels Citations for this data available on individual ship pages: Their metacentric height was .98 m (3.2 ft). [3], The Deutschland-class ships were 125.9 m (413 ft) long at the waterline and 127.6 m (419 ft) overall. With newly built masts but still three funnels she entered service again replacing Elsass in February 1930 until September 1931. There were ideas to rebuilt her as a target ship especially for aircraft, although this never occurred. They were similar to the preceding Braunschweig-class ships—Deutschland was nearly identical, though the design was modified slightly after the lead ship was laid down. [8] Her keel was laid on 1 October 1932,[5] under construction number 125. Throughout the battle, Schleswig-Holstein provided artillery support. Despite violating the weight limit, the design for the ships incorporated several radical innovations to save weight. [3], Schlesien transiting the Panama Canal in 1938, Following the German defeat in World War I, three of the Deutschland-class battleships were allowed to be retained in the German Navy, which was reorganized as the Reichsmarine: Hannover, Schleswig-Holstein and Schlesien, along with several of the Braunschweig-class battleships. Dreadnought Battleships. Nevertheless, the design staff prepared another set of designs, "I/35", a heavily armored ship with a single triple turret forward, and "VIII/30", a more lightly-armored ship with a pair of twin turrets. They were placed into reserve on 15 August 1917. Thank you! The low stern was wet in a stern sea, and equipment stored there was frequently lost overboard. Their total output was 2,160 kW for Deutschland, 2,800 kW for Admiral Scheer, and 3,360 kW for Admiral Graf Spee, all at 220 volts. On 3 May she struck a mine outside Swinemünde; the following day she was scuttled by her crew in shallow water. Deutschland was commissioned into the fleet on 3 August of that year. For the rest of their peacetime careers, the ships conducted a series of fleet maneuvers in the Atlantic and visited numerous foreign ports in goodwill tours. [30] By 1939, both ships had been replaced in front-line service by newer ships, and were instead relegated to training duties. They were supplied with a total of 800 rounds of ammunition, though later in their careers this was increased to 1,200 rounds. In terms of warships, it limited them to vessels of 10,000 tons or less. At 22°, the guns could engage targets 14,500 m (15,900 yd). The ships of the class, Deutschland, Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee, were all stated to displace 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) in accordance with the Treaty, though they actually displaced 10,600 to 12,340 long tons (10,770 to 12,540 t) at standard displacement. [50] Admiral Graf Spee was eventually confronted by three British cruisers off Uruguay at the Battle of the River Plate on 13 December 1939. Her sister ships' belts was increased in thickness to 240 mm (9.4 in) at the waterline and down to 170 mm (6.7 in) on the bottom edge. [33] Starting in 1944, Hannover was broken up for scrap; work lasted until 1945. Apr 26, 2016 - Admiral Scheer one of the Deutschland (Germany) class pocket battleships during the second world War. Five were emplaced in the top deck and two one deck higher in the superstructure on either side. The casemate guns were protected by 35 mm (1.4 in) thick armor plating. [49], Admiral Graf Spee operated in concert with the supply ship Altmark. Germany completed five Deutschland Class Battleships between 1906 and 1908. Ordered by the Weimar government for the Reichsmarine , she was laid down at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel in February 1929 and completed by April 1933. [6] Steam was supplied to the engines by twelve marine-type boilers, four for each engine, with the exception of Deutschland. [24][37] Raised by the Soviet Navy in 1947, she was reportedly broken up for scrap over the next two years, according to Western works that did not have access to Soviet documents at the time. The armored deck in Deutschland and Admiral Scheer did not extend over the entire width of the ship due to weight; this matter was rectified in Admiral Graf Spee. Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin. Admiral Scheer carried 2,410 t (2,370 long tons) and had a correspondingly shorter range of 9,100 nmi (16,900 km; 10,500 mi) at 20 kn. She also represented Germany during the Coronation Review for King George VI in May 1937. She was decommissioned in March 1927 when Schlesien returned to active service. She also conducted Operation Wunderland, a sortie into the Kara Sea. [8] These shells weighed 45.3 kg (100 lb) and had a muzzle velocity of 875 m/s (2,870 ft/s). [1] To replace the battleships, new vessels were to displace at most 10,000 long tons (10,000 t); Germany's potential rivals were at this time limited to building vessels of 35,000 long tons (36,000 t) by the Washington Naval Treaty and subsequent agreements. The ship, named for the province of Schleswig-Holstein, was laid down in the Germaniawerft dockyard in Kiel in August 1905 and commissioned into the fleet nearly three years later. Each gun was supplied with 130 armor-piercing shells, and fired at a rate of approximately 5 per minute. [5], Deutschland's forward main battery turret, The armament of the Deutschland class was nearly identical to that of the preceding Braunschweig class, although it was rearranged slightly and increased in number. However, instead of being used as a coastal defense ship, Deutschland was broken up in 1920–1922. The design speed for all of the ships was 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), though on trials all five ships exceeded the figure. [47] Admiral Graf Spee was deployed to the South Atlantic in the weeks before the outbreak of World War II, to be positioned in merchant sea lanes once war was declared. The Deutschland-class will do 9,000 to 10,000 nm at 20 knots, and 17,400 nm at 13 knots (and that's because they didn't do as well as expected - Deutschland herself was designed for 19,700 nm at 13 knots!). [12][8] This savings allowed the armament and armor to be increased. RM Admiral Graf Spee in 1936. [5] This ship was boilered as in Braunschweig, with eight marine-type boilers and six cylindrical boilers. The ship was partially broken up in situ, though part of the ship remains visible above the surface of the water. [5] Deutschland had a slightly different arrangement in the belt armor and the citadel in the superstructure. On one of the Deutschland class battleships between 1906 and 1908, the ships resembled! 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