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This Second Great Awakening, a reprise of the Great Awakening of the early 18th century, was marked by an emphasis on personal piety over schooling and theology. The Second Great Awakening was caused by the separation of church and state, industrialism, and western expansion, which are all outside factors, ultimately showing that the Second Great Awakening’s purpose was to change personal life in order to fit rapidly changing America. Not long after the war had overthrown the King … More than a few Americans embraced... (The entire section contains 4 answers and 1109 words.). Many people in the U.S. were convinced to more actively dedicate their lives to God and to live in a godly manner. The temperance movement was a movement to get rid of alcohol consumption in the nation because they … In the Appalachian region of Tennessee and Kentucky, the revival energized Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists, and gave rise to the popular ca… In northern New England, social activism took precedence; in western New York, the movement encouraged the growth of new denominations. The Second Great Awakening transformed American religion and society in a number of ways and can be traced to a number of interrelated causes. Matthews addresses the origins of the Second Great Awakening, as well as the characteristics that distinguish this movement. What was the Second Great Awakening?The Second Great Awakening was prompted by falling interest in religion when people were excited about the innovations of the Industrial Revolution and the rapid expansion of U.S. territories, particularly in the west. As our book mentions, the Second Great Awakening was “one of the most momentous episodes in the history of American religious. For many Americans, especially middle-class Northerners, this meant a shift to the individualism and the "perfectionism" of preachers like Charles Grandison Finney. ...The Second Great Awakening was a revival movement that had occurred in the 1730s with the goal of creating a Protestant creed that would maintain the idea of Christian community in a period of rapid individualism and competition. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! It followed the First Great Awakening of colonial America. As a result, church attendance increased during the first half of the nineteenth century. Causes of the Second Great Awakening? The Methodist Church used circuit ridersto reach people in frontier locations. The United States was rapidly expanding, both territorially and economically. In the West, the Second Great Awakening began with James McGready (1762?–1817). The second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement in the United States during the 19th Century. Included in this was the abolition movement that had the hope of a nation where slavery was non existent. http://www.teachushistory.org/second-great-awakening-age-... How was the American reform movement influenced by religious beliefs? Second Great Awakening LEQ Kissell2 The Second Great Awakening was a time in the United States of religious reforms that also caused many other reform groups to become very prominent. What caused the Second Great Awakening? he believed that women should also be able to participate in the Anti-Slavery Society. The Second Great Awakening & Reforms From the 2015 and 2017 Revised Framework: Causation Students will be able to… Describe causes or effects of a specific historical development or process. People did not have the time or the inclination for worship. Second Great Awakening As a result of the Second Great Awakening (a series of revivals in the 1790s-early 1800s), the dominant form of Christianity in America became evangelical Protestantism Membership in the major Protestant churches—Congregational, Presbyterian, Baptist, and Methodist—soared The camp-meetings featured zealous preachers who applied Christian teaching to the resolution of the social problems of the day. We have already mentioned the most important causes for the beginning of the Great Awakening; there were significantly fewer church attendances throughout the country, many people were also bored and unsatisfied with the way the sermons were conducted, and they criticized the lack of enthusiasm from their preachers. During the first half of the 1800's Most of the religious revivals in the West occurred as camp meetings and also served as social gatherings with the opportunity to trade. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. How did the Second Great Awakening affect the evolution of women's roles in society in 1815-1860? Explain the relationship between causes and effects of a specific historical development or process. The British colonies were settled by many individuals who were looking for a place to worship their Christian religion free from persecution. McGready was a stirring preacher and under his ministry an extensive awakening spread over north—central North Carolina after 1791. One way of understanding the Second Great Awakening is in the context of sweeping social changes of the era. His abolitionist newspaper was called "The Liberator." http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyi... http://www.americanyawp.com/text/10-religion-and-reform/. It led to frequent economic busts and booms, and even posed a challenge to the structures of families. In the midst of rapid social change, people turned to religion. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. Perhaps equally important was his influence upon young men such as Barton W. Stone and William McGee. The Second Great Awakening. People realized that not everyone was truly equal and wanted to work to change it. The Second Great Awakening can be divided into three phases. Matthews’s article also addresses prevailing scholarly views of the Second Great Awakening, though it should be noted that the article appeared in 1969. The causes of the Second Great Awakening included the social disruptions of the Market Revolution, the democratization of … William Lloyd Garrison Garrison wanted immediate emancipation for all slaves and felt that the constitution was a pro slavery document. Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians. The Second Great Awakening gained much interest by its support of important theological themes such as salvation and the church’s role in society. The Second Great Awakening, which started in the late eighteenth century and lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century, was a conservative response to what many felt was a … The Second Great Awakening was unlike the first, in that many people were converted into different sects of Christianity through camp meetings and tent revivals. It also established the Church of England as the reigning church of the country. 1) Increased church membership 2) Worked against social injustice 3) Temperance movement (anti-alcohol) OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. Already a member? The Second Great Awakening was extremely important as it led to the establishment of reform movements to address injustices and alleviate suffering such as the Temperance Movement, the Women's suffrage Movement and the Abolitionist Movement in which people advocated for emancipation on religious grounds. Abolition, temperance, access to education, marriage equality, voting rights, and prison reform all became issues of social improvement brought on by a belief in equality before god and individual control over salvation through good works as was laid out in the 2 nd Great Awakening. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. The first missionary women of America and women’s suffrage were the products of the egalitarianism of the Second Great Awakening. Half a century earlier the First Great Awakening occured, was  a worldwide movement within Protestant Christianity and revitalization movement that had swept Protestant Europe and British America (American Colonies) in the 1730-40's, leaving a big and permanent impact on American Protestantism. The Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum social reform and an emphasis on salvation by institutions. Log in here. This lead to the practice of the same religion but it caused for the church to become boring. Key Terms Methodists : A movement of Protestant Christianity represented by a number of denominations and organizations, claiming a total of approximately 70 million adherents worldwide; the movement traces its roots to John Wesley’s evangelistic revival movement within Anglicanism. The Second Great Awakening began in 1800, t. ave rise to the popular camp meeting, a chance for isolated frontier folk to gather and enjoy the excitement of evangelistic fervor. Many churches experienced a great increase in membership, and the revival stimulated moral reforms, such as the temperance movement. The revivals encouraged people to return to God. The Second Great Awakening began in 1800, t he movement spread through southern Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee. In 1790 the doctor Benjamin Rush published An Inquiry Into the Effects of Ardent Spirits Upon the Human Body and Mind in which he argued that alcohol causes physical and mental damage. The American Revolution left more than just a legacy of government. A) The rise of democratic and individualistic beliefs, a response to rationalism, and changes to society caused by the market revolution, along with greater social and geographical mobility, contributed to a Second Great Awakening among Protestants that influenced moral and social reforms and inspired utopian and other religious movements. What role did the second great awakening have in forming American Nationalism in the 19th century? 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Clothing Donation Drop Off Box Near Me, What To Wear To A Technical Conference, Amazon Card Online, Pyramid Scheme Meme Friend, Scorpio Love Horoscope February 2021, Assynt Cottage Reviews, Google Maps Travel Speed, Ecm Part Number By Vin,

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