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He ruled for five years. Shah's plans were intercepted by the emperor, who imprisoned him several times. He was the second son of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September 1837. Bahadur Shah followed a policy of compromise and conciliation, and there was evidence of the reversal of some of the narrow-minded policies and measures adopted by Aurangzeb. BAHADUR SHAH I BAHADUR SHAH I (1643–1712), Mughal emperor (1707–1712). At the time of the latter's death his eldest surviving son, Prince Muazim, was governor of Kabul, and in his absence the next brother, Azam Shah, assumed the functions of royalty. People Projects Discussions Surnames His original name was Qutb ud-Din Muhammad Mu'azzam later titled as Shah Alam by … Bahadur Shah (born Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad; 1775 – 1862), also known as Bahadur Shah Zafar and Bahadur Shah II, is the last of India's Mughal emperors, who declares himself supreme ruler of India during Act III: India of The Asian Dynasties campaign. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Bahadur Shah was the son of Akbar Shah II. The position of state finances worsened as a result of his reckless grants and promotions. From 1696 to 1707, he was governor of Akbarabad(l… He adopted a more tolerant attitude towards the Hindu chiefs and rajas. He pursued pacifist policy and was, therefore, also called Shah Bekhabar. He was a capable ruler. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …to Aurangzeb’s eldest surviving son, Aurangzeb, emperor of India from 1658 to 1707, the last of the great Mughal emperors....…. He was born in 1757. Bahadur Shah of Gujarat - Qutb-ud-Din Bahadur Shah, born Bahadur Khan was a sultan of the Muzaffarid dynasty who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate, a late medieval kingdom in India from 1526 to … He was learned, dignified, and deserving. Bahadur Shah II. Bahadur Shah I ascended the throne in AD 1707. He tried to win over the Rajputs and the Marathas to his side by following a policy of compromise and conciliation. He was sixty-three years old when he succeeded his father in 1707, ruling for less than five years. In the beginning, he made an attempt to gain greater control over the regional states through the conciliation; however, dissensions developed among the regional kingdoms (including Rajput, Marathas, etc. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bahadur Shah, also known as Muhammad Mu'azzam and Shah Alam was the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. On Aurangzeb's death, his three sons fought among themselves for the throne. 1710. Bahadur Shah (Urdu: بہادر شاه اول ‎— Bahādur Shāh Awwal) (14 October 1643 – 27 February 1712), the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. During Bahadur Shah's reign, the remnants of the Royal treasure, amounting to some total 13 crores of rupees in 1707, were exhausted. The 65-year old Bahadur Shah emerged victorious. He is a son of King Prithvi Narayan Shah. As Prince Muʿaẓẓam, the second son of the emperor Aurangzeb, he was the prospective heir after his elder brother defected to join their father’s brother and rival, Shah Shujāʿ. He adopted a more tolerant attitude towards the Hindu chiefs and rajas. Bahadur Shah I ( 1707-1712) Aurangzeb was succeeded by his son Muazzam, who ascended the throne as Bahadur Shah I in 1707. When Bahadur Shah received the news of death of Aurangzeb, he immediately decided to move towards […] He recognized Ajit Singh as the ruler of Jodhpur. His reign was mix of both, rejoice and controversy. After the usual war of succession, Bahadur Shah survived and ascended the throne. He was the second son of Akbar Shāh II and Lāl Bāī. Early life. Ia … Bahādur Shah I, (born Oct. 14, 1643, Burhanpur [India]—died Feb. 27, 1712, Lahore [now in Pakistan]), Mughal emperor of India from 1707–12. Born Mu'azzam, Shah was the third son of Aurangzeb with his Muslim Rajput … Bahadur Shah I was the third son of Aurangzeb with Muslim Rajput wife, Nawab Bai. BAHADUR SHAH is A prince. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Bahadur Shah I 1526 - 1857, 1628 – 1707 Personalities, Personalities Born in Burhanpur on October 14, 1643, Bahadur Shah I, originally named Muazzam, was the eldest son of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Short History of Bahadur Shah I Mughal Emperor Podcast , of the brief reign on the mughal empire and the social importance. Bahadur Shah I ruled over India from 1707 to 1712, until his death. As Prince Muʿaẓẓam, the second son of the emperor Aurangzeb, he was the prospective heir after his elder brother defected to join their father’s brother and rival, Shah Shujāʿ. While previously the contest for the power had been between royal princes only, and the nobles had hardly any interference to the throne; now ambitious nobles became direct contenders for the power and used princes as mere pawns to capture the seats of authority. He might have revived the Imperial fortunes, but unfortunately, his death in 1712 plunged the Empire once again into civil war. Bahadur Shah (Persian: بہادر شاه Bahādur Shāh) (14 October 1643, Burhanpur–27 February 1712, Lahore) was a Mughal Emperor, who ruled India from 1707 to 1711. Genealogy for Bahadur Shah I (1643 - 1712) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah II, was the last Mughal emperor of India who reigned from 1837 to 1857 for a period of 20 years. ); resultantly, they fought among themselves as well as against Mughal Emperor.

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