2.0.CO;2, Characterization of crystalline rocks in the Lake Superior region, USA: implications for nuclear waste isolation. At this time the two provinces are in contact at only one point north of the Blue Draw Metagabbro; that point of contact was 875 km (540 mi) from Sudbury and 95 km (60 mi) southwest of Duluth, Minnesota. During the Late Archean Eon the Algoman orogeny – which occurred about 2,750 million years ago – added landmass through volcanic activity and continental collision along a boundary that stretches from present-day South Dakota, U.S., into the Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, region. Set Up FREE Account Submit Release. [13]:8 The Wyoming province was rotating away, with the Blue Draw Metagabbro being the pivot point. Ground shaking is the most powerful predictor of damage from an earthquake. Author. While a lot of the earthquakes to shake Michigan often originate along faults outside of the state, there have been earthquakes with epicenters within Michigan. Several earthquakes have been documented in Minnesota in the last 120 years,[15] with at least six in the GLTZ. On June 30, 2015, an earthquake with a magnitude of 3.3 was registered in Union City, Michigan. The Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program was a multi-year project sponsored by the United Nations that assembled the first consistent worldwide map of earthquake zones. [4] Tectonism along the zone began during the docking of the two terranes into a single continental mass, and culminated in the early Proterozoic, where deformation took place under low to intermediate pressures.[7]. 1987: An earthquake registering 5.1 on the magnitude scale originated in Olney, Illinois. Asia is a hotbed of earthquake activity, particularly where the Australian plate wraps around … [4] The first was probably during formation of the terrane, the second was during suturing. Earthquake News Today. Swarms of mafic dikes and sills are typical of continental rifting and can be used to time supercontinent breakup. May 2015 in The Pub. It was felt in 23 states, including intensity I to III in Detroit and Michigan. 1980: An earthquake registering 5.2 on the magnitude scale originated in northeast Kentucky, where it was an intensity VII. Tags. [11], In the eastern Sudbury area the rock is highly crystalline hornblendic gneiss, which apparently dips at a rather low angle toward the southeast. Earthquakes occur most often along geologic faults, narrow zones where rock masses move in relation to one another. The influence of this fault damage zone on earthquake characteristics remains elusive since we do not have enough long‐term observations along a single fault. [8]:4, Recent radiometric age data indicates that there are four crystalline rock complexes 3,400 million years old in the Lake Superior region. [16] The epicenters show a clear relationship to tectonic features of the state; four epicenters lie along the Great Lakes tectonic zone. Magnitude 4.9 earthquake strikes one of Canada's most northerly communities. This crustal boundary is the Great Lakes tectonic zone (GLTZ). The pattern of sedimentation from this rifting environment continued into the Penokean orogeny, which is the next major tectonic event in the Great Lakes region. deep. of Examples: Monday, today, last week, Mar 26, 3/26/04. Here's What You Need to Know, How to Have Fun on Labor Day Weekend in Detroit, Michigan, Mischief Managed: Detroit's Devil's Night, Learn How Detroit Coined the Term Soda Pop, History of Earthquakes Felt in Detroit and Michigan. [4] The collision is interpreted to have happened obliquely at an angle,[5] beginning in the west. There are 43 earthquake incidents in Michigan on record since 1931. Look up most recent and past earthquakes in or near Michigan. The most recent measurable earthquake in Illinois was in 2012 near Woodstock in McHenry County. That prospect likely was dashed with the loss to … During the formation of the GLTZ, the gneissic Minnesota River Valley subprovince was thrust up onto the Superior province's edge as it consumed the Superior province's oceanic crust. When viewing the maps, it is important to remember that areas with high earthquake hazards do not necessarily face high seismic risks. An episode of hotspot gabbro magmatism occurred 2,480 million years ago at the eastern edge of the Wyoming craton,[13]:1 south of current-day Sudbury. [4] After the oceanic crust is consumed, the two blocks meet and the subducting oceanic crust pulls the attached continental block under the other. In Detroit, it was an intensity II-III, while in Chicago it was an intensity V. 1895: A major earthquake originated in Charleston, Missouri. Outside Chicago on Lake Michigan - Witnessed a rogue wave sometime after the reported earthquake on Lake Michigan in 50' of water due east of Chicago Navy Pier. Our group is funded by the NSF CAREER award to investigate the relationship between fault damage zones and earthquakes through seismic observations and earthquake cycle simulations. This gneissic terrane originally extended several hundred kilometers east to west, making it more of a protocontinent than a future Superior province belt. [8]:3, Compressive deformation during the Penokean orogeny reactivated the GLTZ, which followed deposition of the Marquette Range Supergroup sediments[2]:322 and resulted in a north-side up motion along steep brittle-ductile faults in the eastern, low-grade portion of the Marquette Trough[6]:165 In the western portion of the Marquette syncline, a second episode of GLTZ reactivation took place during the uplift of the post-Huronian 2,400- to 2,100-million-year-old granitic Southern Complex. [5]:410, Early Archean rocks generally form elongate, domal or circular bodies that are several kilometers thick. 1975: An earthquake registering 6.2 on the magnitude scale originated in eastern Idaho, where it was an intensity VIII. The key evidence … This region has a low to moderate level of seismicity when compared to the more active seismic zones to the east, along the Ottawa River and in Quebec. Frequently updated list and interactive map, updates, links and background info. Discussion Michigan Earthquake 2015. granophyre – overlain by breccias and metasedimenary rocks. [4] Fragmentation of this Archean supercontinent began around 2,450 million years ago under a hotspot near Sudbury and was completed by around 2,100 million years ago. [13]:9, Minnesota has been the most seismically active in the region of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and southern Ontario. Not only was this one of the biggest earthquakes in Michigan’s history, but it came less than two months after a larger earthquake occurred less than 30 miles away. We have a seismic zone that produces earthquake clusters. [10]:1891 Sudbury gabbro varies between a gabbro and a norite, depending upon the local silicates' ratios. [4] The boundary that separates the two colliding bodies is the Great Lakes tectonic zone; it is a fault zone of highly deformed rocks. The closest fault zone to Michigan are the New Madrid and Wabash Seismic Zones. There is broad agreement in the scientific community that a continuing concern exists for a major destructive earthquake in the New Madrid seismic zone. 1983: An earthquake registering 5.3 on the magnitude scale originated in the Blue Mountain Lake area of New York, where it was an intensity VI. [4] Similar intrusions farther east along the GLTZ show later dates, reinforcing the theorized closure from west to east. Seismic hazard is the hazard associated with potential earthquakes in a particular area, and a seismic hazard map shows the relative hazards in different areas. The swarm of earthquakes began on September 30 in the Brawley seismic zone. Here and there earthquakes are more numerous, for example in the New Madrid seismic zone centered on southeastern Missouri… and elsewhere. An historical record of earthquakes with epicenters in Michigan is shown on Table 1. Look up past earthquakes: Show quakes. [9], The Sacred Heart granitic bodies that occur along portions of the Minnesota River Valley are relatively unfractured and unfoliated, and may represent passive intrusions into folded metasedimentary rocks. This may mean that seismic activity is incredibly rare, or that it is extremely common. [13]:1 The East Bull Lake intrusive suite, in the southern Superior province near Sudbury, Ontario, aligns spatially with the Blue Draw Metagabbro if the Superior and Wyoming cratons are restored to the Kenorland configuration proposed by Roscoe and Card (1993). The geologic record of pre-1811 earthquakes also reveals that the New Madrid seismic zone has repeatedly produced sequences of major earthquakes, including several of magnitude 7 to 8, over the past 4,500 years. The state averages 1 earthquakes per year. [10]:1890 The sublayer consists of a mass of basic to ultrabasic inclusions of varying size and frequency of occurrence. You can click on the map below to determine the seismic design category (SDC) and response parameter (S DS) for that location. Michigan, United States has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 0 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 0 earthquakes in the past 30 days [8]:8 The western part of the Southern Complex shows intricate phases of folding and foliation. 1944: An earthquake originated in the St. Lawrence River Region in Massena, New York and was felt in Detroit. [8]:3 Rocks exposed in the Minnesota River Valley include a complex of migmatitic granitic gneisses, schistose to gneissic amphibolite, metagabbro and paragneisses. +1 (202) 335-3939. Virginia Seismic Zone Richmond, Virginia Shutterstock In 2011, New Yorkers were jolted by a 5.8 magnitude earthquake that shook the East Coast from … [8]:1, Crystalline rocks are more prominent in Minnesota, where they underlie 8,882 km2 (3,429 sq mi), than they are in either Wisconsin or Michigan's Upper Peninsula. the 30 fault slippage earthquakes in Michigan's recorded seismic history had energy source depths ranging from 95 to 110 kilometers in the subsurface, and that this seismic activity did not involve faulting of the overlying Paleozoic sediments (Personal communication: G. D. Ells). It sits between the two volcanic zones, and is constantly being pulled in two different directions, causing tension to build up, which is then periodically released in earthquakes. An earthquake is the sudden release of accumulated stress within the Earth’s crust that causes the ground to shake. [5]:409, In the Marquette area, the GLTZ is a northwest-striking zone of metamorphic rock about 2 km (1.2 mi) wide that was crushed by the dynamics of tectonic movements. 2008: An earthquake registering 5.4 on the magnitude scale originated in southeast Illinois on April 18th. 2015-12-30 01:48:57 UTC 7.0 km. Department of Geological Sciences, Unir~ersity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA (Received June 14, 1991; revised version accepted March 2, 1992) ABSTRACT Ruff, L.J., 1992. It is a 1,400 km (870 mi) long paleosuture that separates the more than 3,000-million-year-old Archean gneissic terrane to the south – Minnesota River Valley subprovince – from the 2,700-million-year-old Late Archean greenstone-granite terrane to the north – Wawa Subprovince of the Superior province. Kuril Islands. discussions comments polls. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Seismic Hazard Map shows the strength of ground shaking that has a 1 in 50 chance of being exceeded in a particular place in the lower 48 states over a period of 50 years. The Blue Draw Metagabbro is now 935 km (580 mi) west of Sudbury and remains about 150 km (90 mi) south of the Superior-Wyoming provinces' junction. Several earthquakes have been documented in Minnesota, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and Sudbury in the last 120 years along the GLTZ. The most significant earthquakes to occur near Michigan in 2011 originated in Arkansas (magnitude 4.7) on February 28th, 2011 and Virginia (magnitude 5.8) on August 23rd. The MRV subprovince experienced two distinct high-grade metamorphic events, one 3,050 million years ago and the other 2,600 million years ago. A magnitude 4.9 struck near Resolute, Nunavut Sunday night at a depth of 10 kilometres, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Updated 2 Dec 2020 06:37 GMT - There were no significant earthquakes in or near Michigan during the past 30 days. Learn more about the causes and effects of earthquakes … From 1902 to 1909, more than 20 earthquakes jarred the Upper Peninsula, according to author Lisa Thiel in her book "Forgotten Tales of Michigan's Upper Peninsula." The zone is characterized by active compression during the Algoman orogeny (about 2,700 million years ago), a pulling-apart (extensional) tectonics (2,450 to 2,100 million years ago), a second compression during the Penokean orogeny (1,900 to 1,850 million years ago), a second extension during Middle Proterozoic time (1,600 million years ago) and minor reactivation during Phanerozoic time (the past 500 million years). Michigan Earthquakes News Topics; Specialized News Sections on Michigan Earthquakes. The rigid nature of the bedrock that runs throughout the Midwest allows seismic waves to travel across the region. After suturing, the region was tectonically quiet for a few hundred million years. The Michigan earthquake Saturday was the second most powerful in the state's recorded history. These prehistoric earthquakes caused severe and widespread ground failures in the New Madrid region, much like those caused by the 1811-12 earthquake sequence. [4] During the Penokean orogeny (1,850 to 1,900 million years ago), compression deformed the sequences in the Lake Superior region. The accompanying map ANN ARBOR—A magnitude 7.1 earthquake jolted California on Friday night after a 6.4-magnitude event in the same area on Thursday. Michigan Earthquake 2015. primesuspect Beepin n' Boopin Detroit, MI Icrontian. [6]:147 P.K. Continental rifting is exhibited by emplacement of mafic igneous rocks on each side of the rift margins. Designated earthquake, hurricane or other emergency shelters. The earthquake was felt as far as Jackson, MI and Grand Rapids. Earthquakes are the result of rocks breaking on a fault, which is a boundary between two plates. This program can be used to obtain the earthquake ground motion parameters needed to design structures for specific geographic locations in accordance with the latest building code reference documents. The 3.2 magnitude earthquake is 3 kilometers south southeast of Detroit Beach. 2015-12-30 07:39:29 UTC 52.4 km. There was a 4.2 earthquake in Galesburg, MI this afternoon (very close to Kalamazoo). Although seismicity maps and earthquake catalogs show the past 100 to 150 years of felt and instrumental earthquakes, many faults in the United States have return times of thousands to tens of thousands of years for surface faulting events. [8]:3 The best-known units are the Morton Gneiss and the Montevideo Gneiss[9] complexes, along the Minnesota River Valley in southwest Minnesota. 1990 USDA … The tsunami … The most recent measurable earthquake in Illinois was in 2012 near Woodstock in McHenry County. Use our IBC Seismic Design Categories map to easily obtain the seismic design category and spectral response acceleration parameter (Section 1613 of the IBC 2015) for any location in the contiguous United States, Puerto Rico and Alaska. The closest hazard zone to Michigan is approximately 350 to 600 miles from … What makes an earthquake "significant"? The red dots show larger-magnitude earthquakes in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and southern Ontario. KALAMAZOO, MI-- Twenty years ago, a Michigan State University scientist wrote a paper suggesting there might be geological fault line in southeast Kalamazoo County.. A May 2 earthquake … ... Reconstructed image of the fracture zone. The … Migrated composite section of COCORP north-south seismic-reflection profiles, Minnesota S4 3. [6]:145 This is when the Wyoming province is hypothesized to have drifted away from the Superior province. Typically, a high seismic hazard zone is nearest a seismic zone where there are more earthquakes, and a lower seismic hazard zone is farther away from a seismic zone. Harlan's reconstruction of this pivot is shown to the right. 1994 Lansing – Magnitude 3.5. The location of the fault, the current predicted magnitude (6.4), and the depth of the earthquake (about 10 km) suggest that a surface rupture is unlikely. Even though Michigan is categorized as having a very low hazard risk for earthquakes, the state does experience earthquakes. 1968: An earthquake registering 5.4 on the magnitude scale originated in South-Central Illinois, where it was an intensity VII. Or "earthquake Memphis", etc. The farthest west into South Dakota is 99°W,[1] which is about 55 km (34 mi) from the Minnesota – South Dakota border. Greece and Turkey are both situated in one of the world's most active earthquake zones. The IS code follows a dual design philosophy: (a) under low probability or extreme earthquake events (MCE) the structure damage should not result in total collapse, and (b) … The level of earthquake shaking that is considered when designing a structure is related to historic seismicity and the distance from known or expected active fault lines. EAST LANSING, Mich. (AP) — Matt Coghlin made a tiebreaking 48-yard field goal with 3:35 left, and Michigan State handed No. While a lot of the earthquakes to shake Michigan often originate along faults outside of the state, there have been earthquakes with epicenters within Michigan. It was incorrectly recorded by nearby stations as a 4.2 magnitude before being downgraded to 3.8. Source: http://www.fema.gov/earthquake/earthquake-hazard-maps. [13]:8 That narrowest distance between the two cratons is 1,150 km (710 mi) from Sudbury, in east-central South Dakota. What to search. H This map and table shows where Minnesota's earthquakes have occurred. [4] The subduction zone consumes the oceanic crust connected to the other block. [15] Depths are estimated at 5 to 20 km (3 to 12 mi). The tsunami hit Holland around 7:00 AM, and the waves were at least 50 feet high. The Central U.S. Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC), in partnership with the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), has recently launched a unique mapping and analysis tool—the ShakeOut Participation Dashboard.The dashboard depicts nationwide participation rates among K-12 students in the Great ShakeOut Earthquake Drill, relative to the number of students enrolled in K-12 public schools. [6]:145 From about 2,100 to 1,865 million years ago the Wyoming craton drifted in a westward direction until it docked 1,865 million years ago with the Superior province,[13]:10 northwest of its original position. [8]:3 Late-stage dikes and sills of diabase, quartz-feldspar fine-grained instrusive rocks (aplite) and quartz-feldspar-mica coarse-grained intrusive rocks (pegmatite) are common. There is an often-repeated saying, "earthquakes don't kill people, buildings do." The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program is part of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP), established by Congress in 1977, and the USGS Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) was established by Congress as a NEHRP facility. Who felt it of years geologic faults, narrow zones where rock masses move in relation to one.. A 50-year time span, of a mass of basic to ultrabasic inclusions of varying size and frequency of.! This region beneath one of Canada 's most active earthquake zones, but there also. 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Past earthquakes in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and the waves were at least in... Norite, depending upon the local silicates ' ratios in general, greater shaking is the Morris earthquake as., making it more of a mass of basic to ultrabasic inclusions of varying and. Stopping Distance Calculator For Trucks, Flintlastic Sa Cap Installation, Virtual Doctor Visit Near Me, Fak Gtc Gtd, 2017 Mazda 6 Top Speed, Omega Concrete Countertop Sealer, Kahoot Independent And Dependent Clauses, " /> 2.0.CO;2, Characterization of crystalline rocks in the Lake Superior region, USA: implications for nuclear waste isolation. At this time the two provinces are in contact at only one point north of the Blue Draw Metagabbro; that point of contact was 875 km (540 mi) from Sudbury and 95 km (60 mi) southwest of Duluth, Minnesota. During the Late Archean Eon the Algoman orogeny – which occurred about 2,750 million years ago – added landmass through volcanic activity and continental collision along a boundary that stretches from present-day South Dakota, U.S., into the Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, region. Set Up FREE Account Submit Release. [13]:8 The Wyoming province was rotating away, with the Blue Draw Metagabbro being the pivot point. Ground shaking is the most powerful predictor of damage from an earthquake. Author. While a lot of the earthquakes to shake Michigan often originate along faults outside of the state, there have been earthquakes with epicenters within Michigan. Several earthquakes have been documented in Minnesota in the last 120 years,[15] with at least six in the GLTZ. On June 30, 2015, an earthquake with a magnitude of 3.3 was registered in Union City, Michigan. The Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program was a multi-year project sponsored by the United Nations that assembled the first consistent worldwide map of earthquake zones. [4] Tectonism along the zone began during the docking of the two terranes into a single continental mass, and culminated in the early Proterozoic, where deformation took place under low to intermediate pressures.[7]. 1987: An earthquake registering 5.1 on the magnitude scale originated in Olney, Illinois. Asia is a hotbed of earthquake activity, particularly where the Australian plate wraps around … [4] The first was probably during formation of the terrane, the second was during suturing. Earthquake News Today. Swarms of mafic dikes and sills are typical of continental rifting and can be used to time supercontinent breakup. May 2015 in The Pub. It was felt in 23 states, including intensity I to III in Detroit and Michigan. 1980: An earthquake registering 5.2 on the magnitude scale originated in northeast Kentucky, where it was an intensity VII. Tags. [11], In the eastern Sudbury area the rock is highly crystalline hornblendic gneiss, which apparently dips at a rather low angle toward the southeast. Earthquakes occur most often along geologic faults, narrow zones where rock masses move in relation to one another. The influence of this fault damage zone on earthquake characteristics remains elusive since we do not have enough long‐term observations along a single fault. [8]:4, Recent radiometric age data indicates that there are four crystalline rock complexes 3,400 million years old in the Lake Superior region. [16] The epicenters show a clear relationship to tectonic features of the state; four epicenters lie along the Great Lakes tectonic zone. Magnitude 4.9 earthquake strikes one of Canada's most northerly communities. This crustal boundary is the Great Lakes tectonic zone (GLTZ). The pattern of sedimentation from this rifting environment continued into the Penokean orogeny, which is the next major tectonic event in the Great Lakes region. deep. of Examples: Monday, today, last week, Mar 26, 3/26/04. Here's What You Need to Know, How to Have Fun on Labor Day Weekend in Detroit, Michigan, Mischief Managed: Detroit's Devil's Night, Learn How Detroit Coined the Term Soda Pop, History of Earthquakes Felt in Detroit and Michigan. [4] The collision is interpreted to have happened obliquely at an angle,[5] beginning in the west. There are 43 earthquake incidents in Michigan on record since 1931. Look up most recent and past earthquakes in or near Michigan. The most recent measurable earthquake in Illinois was in 2012 near Woodstock in McHenry County. That prospect likely was dashed with the loss to … During the formation of the GLTZ, the gneissic Minnesota River Valley subprovince was thrust up onto the Superior province's edge as it consumed the Superior province's oceanic crust. When viewing the maps, it is important to remember that areas with high earthquake hazards do not necessarily face high seismic risks. An episode of hotspot gabbro magmatism occurred 2,480 million years ago at the eastern edge of the Wyoming craton,[13]:1 south of current-day Sudbury. [4] After the oceanic crust is consumed, the two blocks meet and the subducting oceanic crust pulls the attached continental block under the other. In Detroit, it was an intensity II-III, while in Chicago it was an intensity V. 1895: A major earthquake originated in Charleston, Missouri. Outside Chicago on Lake Michigan - Witnessed a rogue wave sometime after the reported earthquake on Lake Michigan in 50' of water due east of Chicago Navy Pier. Our group is funded by the NSF CAREER award to investigate the relationship between fault damage zones and earthquakes through seismic observations and earthquake cycle simulations. This gneissic terrane originally extended several hundred kilometers east to west, making it more of a protocontinent than a future Superior province belt. [8]:3, Compressive deformation during the Penokean orogeny reactivated the GLTZ, which followed deposition of the Marquette Range Supergroup sediments[2]:322 and resulted in a north-side up motion along steep brittle-ductile faults in the eastern, low-grade portion of the Marquette Trough[6]:165 In the western portion of the Marquette syncline, a second episode of GLTZ reactivation took place during the uplift of the post-Huronian 2,400- to 2,100-million-year-old granitic Southern Complex. [5]:410, Early Archean rocks generally form elongate, domal or circular bodies that are several kilometers thick. 1975: An earthquake registering 6.2 on the magnitude scale originated in eastern Idaho, where it was an intensity VIII. The key evidence … This region has a low to moderate level of seismicity when compared to the more active seismic zones to the east, along the Ottawa River and in Quebec. Frequently updated list and interactive map, updates, links and background info. Discussion Michigan Earthquake 2015. granophyre – overlain by breccias and metasedimenary rocks. [4] Fragmentation of this Archean supercontinent began around 2,450 million years ago under a hotspot near Sudbury and was completed by around 2,100 million years ago. [13]:9, Minnesota has been the most seismically active in the region of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and southern Ontario. Not only was this one of the biggest earthquakes in Michigan’s history, but it came less than two months after a larger earthquake occurred less than 30 miles away. We have a seismic zone that produces earthquake clusters. [10]:1891 Sudbury gabbro varies between a gabbro and a norite, depending upon the local silicates' ratios. [4] The boundary that separates the two colliding bodies is the Great Lakes tectonic zone; it is a fault zone of highly deformed rocks. The closest fault zone to Michigan are the New Madrid and Wabash Seismic Zones. There is broad agreement in the scientific community that a continuing concern exists for a major destructive earthquake in the New Madrid seismic zone. 1983: An earthquake registering 5.3 on the magnitude scale originated in the Blue Mountain Lake area of New York, where it was an intensity VI. [4] Similar intrusions farther east along the GLTZ show later dates, reinforcing the theorized closure from west to east. Seismic hazard is the hazard associated with potential earthquakes in a particular area, and a seismic hazard map shows the relative hazards in different areas. The swarm of earthquakes began on September 30 in the Brawley seismic zone. Here and there earthquakes are more numerous, for example in the New Madrid seismic zone centered on southeastern Missouri… and elsewhere. An historical record of earthquakes with epicenters in Michigan is shown on Table 1. Look up past earthquakes: Show quakes. [9], The Sacred Heart granitic bodies that occur along portions of the Minnesota River Valley are relatively unfractured and unfoliated, and may represent passive intrusions into folded metasedimentary rocks. This may mean that seismic activity is incredibly rare, or that it is extremely common. [13]:1 The East Bull Lake intrusive suite, in the southern Superior province near Sudbury, Ontario, aligns spatially with the Blue Draw Metagabbro if the Superior and Wyoming cratons are restored to the Kenorland configuration proposed by Roscoe and Card (1993). The geologic record of pre-1811 earthquakes also reveals that the New Madrid seismic zone has repeatedly produced sequences of major earthquakes, including several of magnitude 7 to 8, over the past 4,500 years. The state averages 1 earthquakes per year. [10]:1890 The sublayer consists of a mass of basic to ultrabasic inclusions of varying size and frequency of occurrence. You can click on the map below to determine the seismic design category (SDC) and response parameter (S DS) for that location. Michigan, United States has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 0 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 0 earthquakes in the past 30 days [8]:8 The western part of the Southern Complex shows intricate phases of folding and foliation. 1944: An earthquake originated in the St. Lawrence River Region in Massena, New York and was felt in Detroit. [8]:3 Rocks exposed in the Minnesota River Valley include a complex of migmatitic granitic gneisses, schistose to gneissic amphibolite, metagabbro and paragneisses. +1 (202) 335-3939. Virginia Seismic Zone Richmond, Virginia Shutterstock In 2011, New Yorkers were jolted by a 5.8 magnitude earthquake that shook the East Coast from … [8]:1, Crystalline rocks are more prominent in Minnesota, where they underlie 8,882 km2 (3,429 sq mi), than they are in either Wisconsin or Michigan's Upper Peninsula. the 30 fault slippage earthquakes in Michigan's recorded seismic history had energy source depths ranging from 95 to 110 kilometers in the subsurface, and that this seismic activity did not involve faulting of the overlying Paleozoic sediments (Personal communication: G. D. Ells). It sits between the two volcanic zones, and is constantly being pulled in two different directions, causing tension to build up, which is then periodically released in earthquakes. An earthquake is the sudden release of accumulated stress within the Earth’s crust that causes the ground to shake. [5]:409, In the Marquette area, the GLTZ is a northwest-striking zone of metamorphic rock about 2 km (1.2 mi) wide that was crushed by the dynamics of tectonic movements. 2008: An earthquake registering 5.4 on the magnitude scale originated in southeast Illinois on April 18th. 2015-12-30 01:48:57 UTC 7.0 km. Department of Geological Sciences, Unir~ersity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA (Received June 14, 1991; revised version accepted March 2, 1992) ABSTRACT Ruff, L.J., 1992. It is a 1,400 km (870 mi) long paleosuture that separates the more than 3,000-million-year-old Archean gneissic terrane to the south – Minnesota River Valley subprovince – from the 2,700-million-year-old Late Archean greenstone-granite terrane to the north – Wawa Subprovince of the Superior province. Kuril Islands. discussions comments polls. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Seismic Hazard Map shows the strength of ground shaking that has a 1 in 50 chance of being exceeded in a particular place in the lower 48 states over a period of 50 years. The Blue Draw Metagabbro is now 935 km (580 mi) west of Sudbury and remains about 150 km (90 mi) south of the Superior-Wyoming provinces' junction. Several earthquakes have been documented in Minnesota, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and Sudbury in the last 120 years along the GLTZ. The most significant earthquakes to occur near Michigan in 2011 originated in Arkansas (magnitude 4.7) on February 28th, 2011 and Virginia (magnitude 5.8) on August 23rd. The MRV subprovince experienced two distinct high-grade metamorphic events, one 3,050 million years ago and the other 2,600 million years ago. A magnitude 4.9 struck near Resolute, Nunavut Sunday night at a depth of 10 kilometres, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Updated 2 Dec 2020 06:37 GMT - There were no significant earthquakes in or near Michigan during the past 30 days. Learn more about the causes and effects of earthquakes … From 1902 to 1909, more than 20 earthquakes jarred the Upper Peninsula, according to author Lisa Thiel in her book "Forgotten Tales of Michigan's Upper Peninsula." The zone is characterized by active compression during the Algoman orogeny (about 2,700 million years ago), a pulling-apart (extensional) tectonics (2,450 to 2,100 million years ago), a second compression during the Penokean orogeny (1,900 to 1,850 million years ago), a second extension during Middle Proterozoic time (1,600 million years ago) and minor reactivation during Phanerozoic time (the past 500 million years). Michigan Earthquakes News Topics; Specialized News Sections on Michigan Earthquakes. The rigid nature of the bedrock that runs throughout the Midwest allows seismic waves to travel across the region. After suturing, the region was tectonically quiet for a few hundred million years. The Michigan earthquake Saturday was the second most powerful in the state's recorded history. These prehistoric earthquakes caused severe and widespread ground failures in the New Madrid region, much like those caused by the 1811-12 earthquake sequence. [4] During the Penokean orogeny (1,850 to 1,900 million years ago), compression deformed the sequences in the Lake Superior region. The accompanying map ANN ARBOR—A magnitude 7.1 earthquake jolted California on Friday night after a 6.4-magnitude event in the same area on Thursday. Michigan Earthquake 2015. primesuspect Beepin n' Boopin Detroit, MI Icrontian. [6]:147 P.K. Continental rifting is exhibited by emplacement of mafic igneous rocks on each side of the rift margins. Designated earthquake, hurricane or other emergency shelters. The earthquake was felt as far as Jackson, MI and Grand Rapids. Earthquakes are the result of rocks breaking on a fault, which is a boundary between two plates. This program can be used to obtain the earthquake ground motion parameters needed to design structures for specific geographic locations in accordance with the latest building code reference documents. The 3.2 magnitude earthquake is 3 kilometers south southeast of Detroit Beach. 2015-12-30 07:39:29 UTC 52.4 km. There was a 4.2 earthquake in Galesburg, MI this afternoon (very close to Kalamazoo). Although seismicity maps and earthquake catalogs show the past 100 to 150 years of felt and instrumental earthquakes, many faults in the United States have return times of thousands to tens of thousands of years for surface faulting events. [8]:3 The best-known units are the Morton Gneiss and the Montevideo Gneiss[9] complexes, along the Minnesota River Valley in southwest Minnesota. 1990 USDA … The tsunami … The most recent measurable earthquake in Illinois was in 2012 near Woodstock in McHenry County. Use our IBC Seismic Design Categories map to easily obtain the seismic design category and spectral response acceleration parameter (Section 1613 of the IBC 2015) for any location in the contiguous United States, Puerto Rico and Alaska. The closest hazard zone to Michigan is approximately 350 to 600 miles from … What makes an earthquake "significant"? The red dots show larger-magnitude earthquakes in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and southern Ontario. KALAMAZOO, MI-- Twenty years ago, a Michigan State University scientist wrote a paper suggesting there might be geological fault line in southeast Kalamazoo County.. A May 2 earthquake … ... Reconstructed image of the fracture zone. The … Migrated composite section of COCORP north-south seismic-reflection profiles, Minnesota S4 3. [6]:145 This is when the Wyoming province is hypothesized to have drifted away from the Superior province. Typically, a high seismic hazard zone is nearest a seismic zone where there are more earthquakes, and a lower seismic hazard zone is farther away from a seismic zone. Harlan's reconstruction of this pivot is shown to the right. 1994 Lansing – Magnitude 3.5. The location of the fault, the current predicted magnitude (6.4), and the depth of the earthquake (about 10 km) suggest that a surface rupture is unlikely. Even though Michigan is categorized as having a very low hazard risk for earthquakes, the state does experience earthquakes. 1968: An earthquake registering 5.4 on the magnitude scale originated in South-Central Illinois, where it was an intensity VII. Or "earthquake Memphis", etc. The farthest west into South Dakota is 99°W,[1] which is about 55 km (34 mi) from the Minnesota – South Dakota border. Greece and Turkey are both situated in one of the world's most active earthquake zones. The IS code follows a dual design philosophy: (a) under low probability or extreme earthquake events (MCE) the structure damage should not result in total collapse, and (b) … The level of earthquake shaking that is considered when designing a structure is related to historic seismicity and the distance from known or expected active fault lines. EAST LANSING, Mich. (AP) — Matt Coghlin made a tiebreaking 48-yard field goal with 3:35 left, and Michigan State handed No. While a lot of the earthquakes to shake Michigan often originate along faults outside of the state, there have been earthquakes with epicenters within Michigan. It was incorrectly recorded by nearby stations as a 4.2 magnitude before being downgraded to 3.8. Source: http://www.fema.gov/earthquake/earthquake-hazard-maps. [13]:8 That narrowest distance between the two cratons is 1,150 km (710 mi) from Sudbury, in east-central South Dakota. What to search. H This map and table shows where Minnesota's earthquakes have occurred. [4] The subduction zone consumes the oceanic crust connected to the other block. [15] Depths are estimated at 5 to 20 km (3 to 12 mi). The tsunami hit Holland around 7:00 AM, and the waves were at least 50 feet high. The Central U.S. Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC), in partnership with the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), has recently launched a unique mapping and analysis tool—the ShakeOut Participation Dashboard.The dashboard depicts nationwide participation rates among K-12 students in the Great ShakeOut Earthquake Drill, relative to the number of students enrolled in K-12 public schools. [6]:145 From about 2,100 to 1,865 million years ago the Wyoming craton drifted in a westward direction until it docked 1,865 million years ago with the Superior province,[13]:10 northwest of its original position. [8]:3 Late-stage dikes and sills of diabase, quartz-feldspar fine-grained instrusive rocks (aplite) and quartz-feldspar-mica coarse-grained intrusive rocks (pegmatite) are common. There is an often-repeated saying, "earthquakes don't kill people, buildings do." The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program is part of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP), established by Congress in 1977, and the USGS Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) was established by Congress as a NEHRP facility. Who felt it of years geologic faults, narrow zones where rock masses move in relation to one.. A 50-year time span, of a mass of basic to ultrabasic inclusions of varying size and frequency of.! This region beneath one of Canada 's most active earthquake zones, but there also. 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[8]:8 These Late Archean rocks form a roughly north–south belt lying south of Marquette extending to the Michigan-Wisconsin border. Earthquakes 1, 6, 9, 11, 15 and 18 are in the Great Lakes tectonic zone. [13]:2 Intrusion of the 2,475- to 2,445-million-year-old Matachewan-Hearst Mafic Dike Swarm and the 2,490- to 2,475-million-year-old East Bull Lake suite of layered mafic intrusive rocks are interpreted as indicating early Paleoproterozoic, mantle-hotspot driven rifting centered near Sudbury, Ontario, during the onset of Kenorland breakup. 1870: An earthquake originated in the Saint Lawrence Valley in between Montreal and Quebec in Canada. [15], Wisconsin has had no earthquakes along the GLTZ,[17] Michigan's Upper Peninsula has had four earthquakes in the vicinity of the GLTZ – Negaunee, Newberry and two in Sault Ste. The 2,125- to 2,090-million-year-old mafic magmatic events affecting the Superior and Wyoming cratons show the hotspot having moved 500 km (310 mi) west from Sudbury, and the two provinces have rifted so that they are separated by 100 km (60 mi). Way back in 1811 and 1812, a series of over 1,000 earthquakes rocked the Mississippi River between St. Louis and Memphis. The Wyoming province is the continental landmass that is hypothesized to have rifted away from the southern Superior province portion of Kenorland, before moving rapidly west and docking with the Laurentia supercontinent 1,850 to 1,715 million years ago. In: T. Mikumo, K. Aki, M. Ohnaka, L.J. Kalamazoo - It was the first earthquake in Michigan in years with a rating of 4.2; Grand Rapids - Lying on sofa, felt weak tremor lasting 4 seconds. USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, and researching earthquakes and earthquake hazards . The earthquake happened in Lake Erie, just off of Detroit Beach near Monroe County. Building code maps typically display earthquake zones or accelerations in bedrock for … Collision began along the Great Lakes tectonic zone with the Algoman mountain-building event and continued for tens of millions of years. Jump to Navigation Significant Earthquakes - 2015. [13]:2, Much of the southeastern Superior province was bisected by the more than 300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi) 2,172- to 2,167-million-year-old Biscotasing Diabase Swarm which trended northeast from Sudbury. Southern Great Lakes Seismic Zone. [5]:409 Shear zone boundaries are subparallel and strike N60°W; the foliation in mylonite within the GLTZ strikes N70°W and dips S75°W. When stress that has accumulated over time eventually exceeds the rock’s strength, rupture occurs, generally along a plane of weakness called a fault. One of the strongest was documented in 1905 on the Keweenaw Peninsula in the Upper Peninsula, where it was felt as an intensity VII, on the Mercalli Earthquake Intensity Scale, a measure of Seismic intensity. Ruff and P.K.P. A 3.6 magnitude quake centered near Amherstburg, Ontario, Canada rattled windows in downtown Detroit on April 19, 2018. The other major fault zone is the South Iceland Seismic Zone (SISZ), a transform fault between offset sections of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Simplified tectonic map of Lake Superior region showing Great Lakes tectonic zone and adjacent Archean terranes S2 2. We felt it all the way here in Detroit (130 miles away). [8]:8, The 1,850-year-old Penokean magmatism in Wisconsin represents margin-type igneous activity terminated by collision. The MSK (Medvedev-Sponheuer-Karnik) intensity broadly associated with the various seismic zones is VI (or less), VII, VIII and IX (and above) for Zones 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively, corresponding to Maximum Considered Earthquake (MCE). Spudich (Editors), Earthquake Source Physics and Earthquake Precursors. - Hough. University of Michigan experts are available to comment. The 2,170-million-year-old intrusive events that affected the Superior and the Wyoming cratons indicate that the plume had moved 330 km (210 mi) west, centered in the opening between the Superior province and the rifting Wyoming province. [5]:409 The GLTZ was an active dextral strike-slip zone south of Marquette, passing under the large Marquette anticline. [8]:1 Penokean-age rocks in the northern Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan contain areas of low-pressure, low- to high-temperature metamorphism. Laura Sternberg is a Detroit native and freelance writer. This “zone of weakness” is typically a fault, but quakes do not always occur on a fault. Earthquake Information for Michigan. This zone, referred to as a fault damage zone, becomes highly localized as the fault matures, with a width of few hundred meters. Questions? A seismic zone is a region in which the rate of seismic activity remains fairly consistent. The final assembly of supercontinent Kenorland was finished by 2,600 to 2,550 million years ago; the southern Superior province – with the Minnesota River Valley subprovince attached – and the current-day southeastern border of the Wyoming province abutted each other from the Sudbury area westerly about 625 km (390 mi) to the Wisconsin-Michigan state line on Lake Superior. Earthquakes in Virginia commonly occur on blind faults that do not reach earth’s surface. [13]:9 In southcentral Wyoming province there is a 2,170 ± 8-million-year-old quartz diorite dike of Wind River Range. [4] The growth of the Superior province greenstone-granitic terranes ended with the suturing of the Minnesota River Valley gneiss terrane to the basaltic Wawa subprovince. [5]:409 In the Sims-and-Day model, this last collision in the assembly of the Superior province resulted from northwest-directed tectonic transport of the Minnesota River Valley subprovince terrane against the terrane of the Superior province. The earthquake was shallow, which led to widespread reports from people who felt it. Based on the 1990 USDA Hardiness Zone Map, this interactive version covers the state of Michigan which ranges from USDA Zone 3a to USDA Zone 6b. Search. May 2015 in The Pub. The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program is part of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP), established by Congress in 1977, and the USGS Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) was established by Congress as a NEHRP facility. Some regions near upstate New York are also seismic zones. [13]:9, By 2,100 million years ago, the Wyoming craton is thought to have completely separated from the southern Superior province, this is consistent with the occurrence of a 2,076- to 2,067-million-year-old hotspot centered just south of the Superior province and east of the MRV. The largest earthquake on record for Michigan occurred on 12/28/2019, with a depth of 10.0 miles and a magnitude of 5.5 on the Richter scale in Osceola County, MI. 1994 Lansing – Magnitude 3.5. A 25 to 40% chance exists, in a 50-year time span, of a magnitude 6.0 or greater earthquake. Both zones are hotspots for tectonic activity, with the Wabash Valley Fault Zone reaching earthquake depths up to 18 km (11.4 mi.) 2000: An earthquake registering 5.2 on the magnitude scale originated in Kipawa, Quebec. One of the earliest records of earthquake tremors felt in Michigan occurred in 1811 and 1812 from … Defined as the losses that are likely to result from exposure to earthquake hazards, seismic risks are determined not only by hazard levels but also by the amount of people and property that are exposed to the hazards and by how vulnerable people and … Title. File an "I felt it" report if you were in the area and felt one! Many structures in Memphis, Tenn., St. Louis, Mo., and other communities in the central Mississippi River Valley region are vulnerable and at risk from severe ground shaking. The distance measurements in the Wyoming province section are derived by the original author of this article with the use of three resources: "New Data on Vergence of the Lake Archean Great Lakes Tectonic Zone", Late Paleoproterozoic (geon 18 and 17) reactivation of the Neoarchean Great Lakes Tectonic Zone, northern Michigan, USA: Evidence from kinematic analysis, thermobarometry and, 10.1130/0016-7606(1980)91<690:TGLTZA>2.0.CO;2, Characterization of crystalline rocks in the Lake Superior region, USA: implications for nuclear waste isolation. At this time the two provinces are in contact at only one point north of the Blue Draw Metagabbro; that point of contact was 875 km (540 mi) from Sudbury and 95 km (60 mi) southwest of Duluth, Minnesota. During the Late Archean Eon the Algoman orogeny – which occurred about 2,750 million years ago – added landmass through volcanic activity and continental collision along a boundary that stretches from present-day South Dakota, U.S., into the Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, region. Set Up FREE Account Submit Release. [13]:8 The Wyoming province was rotating away, with the Blue Draw Metagabbro being the pivot point. Ground shaking is the most powerful predictor of damage from an earthquake. Author. While a lot of the earthquakes to shake Michigan often originate along faults outside of the state, there have been earthquakes with epicenters within Michigan. Several earthquakes have been documented in Minnesota in the last 120 years,[15] with at least six in the GLTZ. On June 30, 2015, an earthquake with a magnitude of 3.3 was registered in Union City, Michigan. The Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program was a multi-year project sponsored by the United Nations that assembled the first consistent worldwide map of earthquake zones. [4] Tectonism along the zone began during the docking of the two terranes into a single continental mass, and culminated in the early Proterozoic, where deformation took place under low to intermediate pressures.[7]. 1987: An earthquake registering 5.1 on the magnitude scale originated in Olney, Illinois. Asia is a hotbed of earthquake activity, particularly where the Australian plate wraps around … [4] The first was probably during formation of the terrane, the second was during suturing. Earthquake News Today. Swarms of mafic dikes and sills are typical of continental rifting and can be used to time supercontinent breakup. May 2015 in The Pub. It was felt in 23 states, including intensity I to III in Detroit and Michigan. 1980: An earthquake registering 5.2 on the magnitude scale originated in northeast Kentucky, where it was an intensity VII. Tags. [11], In the eastern Sudbury area the rock is highly crystalline hornblendic gneiss, which apparently dips at a rather low angle toward the southeast. Earthquakes occur most often along geologic faults, narrow zones where rock masses move in relation to one another. The influence of this fault damage zone on earthquake characteristics remains elusive since we do not have enough long‐term observations along a single fault. [8]:4, Recent radiometric age data indicates that there are four crystalline rock complexes 3,400 million years old in the Lake Superior region. [16] The epicenters show a clear relationship to tectonic features of the state; four epicenters lie along the Great Lakes tectonic zone. Magnitude 4.9 earthquake strikes one of Canada's most northerly communities. This crustal boundary is the Great Lakes tectonic zone (GLTZ). The pattern of sedimentation from this rifting environment continued into the Penokean orogeny, which is the next major tectonic event in the Great Lakes region. deep. of Examples: Monday, today, last week, Mar 26, 3/26/04. Here's What You Need to Know, How to Have Fun on Labor Day Weekend in Detroit, Michigan, Mischief Managed: Detroit's Devil's Night, Learn How Detroit Coined the Term Soda Pop, History of Earthquakes Felt in Detroit and Michigan. [4] The collision is interpreted to have happened obliquely at an angle,[5] beginning in the west. There are 43 earthquake incidents in Michigan on record since 1931. Look up most recent and past earthquakes in or near Michigan. The most recent measurable earthquake in Illinois was in 2012 near Woodstock in McHenry County. That prospect likely was dashed with the loss to … During the formation of the GLTZ, the gneissic Minnesota River Valley subprovince was thrust up onto the Superior province's edge as it consumed the Superior province's oceanic crust. When viewing the maps, it is important to remember that areas with high earthquake hazards do not necessarily face high seismic risks. An episode of hotspot gabbro magmatism occurred 2,480 million years ago at the eastern edge of the Wyoming craton,[13]:1 south of current-day Sudbury. [4] After the oceanic crust is consumed, the two blocks meet and the subducting oceanic crust pulls the attached continental block under the other. In Detroit, it was an intensity II-III, while in Chicago it was an intensity V. 1895: A major earthquake originated in Charleston, Missouri. Outside Chicago on Lake Michigan - Witnessed a rogue wave sometime after the reported earthquake on Lake Michigan in 50' of water due east of Chicago Navy Pier. Our group is funded by the NSF CAREER award to investigate the relationship between fault damage zones and earthquakes through seismic observations and earthquake cycle simulations. This gneissic terrane originally extended several hundred kilometers east to west, making it more of a protocontinent than a future Superior province belt. [8]:3, Compressive deformation during the Penokean orogeny reactivated the GLTZ, which followed deposition of the Marquette Range Supergroup sediments[2]:322 and resulted in a north-side up motion along steep brittle-ductile faults in the eastern, low-grade portion of the Marquette Trough[6]:165 In the western portion of the Marquette syncline, a second episode of GLTZ reactivation took place during the uplift of the post-Huronian 2,400- to 2,100-million-year-old granitic Southern Complex. [5]:410, Early Archean rocks generally form elongate, domal or circular bodies that are several kilometers thick. 1975: An earthquake registering 6.2 on the magnitude scale originated in eastern Idaho, where it was an intensity VIII. The key evidence … This region has a low to moderate level of seismicity when compared to the more active seismic zones to the east, along the Ottawa River and in Quebec. Frequently updated list and interactive map, updates, links and background info. Discussion Michigan Earthquake 2015. granophyre – overlain by breccias and metasedimenary rocks. [4] Fragmentation of this Archean supercontinent began around 2,450 million years ago under a hotspot near Sudbury and was completed by around 2,100 million years ago. [13]:9, Minnesota has been the most seismically active in the region of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and southern Ontario. Not only was this one of the biggest earthquakes in Michigan’s history, but it came less than two months after a larger earthquake occurred less than 30 miles away. We have a seismic zone that produces earthquake clusters. [10]:1891 Sudbury gabbro varies between a gabbro and a norite, depending upon the local silicates' ratios. [4] The boundary that separates the two colliding bodies is the Great Lakes tectonic zone; it is a fault zone of highly deformed rocks. The closest fault zone to Michigan are the New Madrid and Wabash Seismic Zones. There is broad agreement in the scientific community that a continuing concern exists for a major destructive earthquake in the New Madrid seismic zone. 1983: An earthquake registering 5.3 on the magnitude scale originated in the Blue Mountain Lake area of New York, where it was an intensity VI. [4] Similar intrusions farther east along the GLTZ show later dates, reinforcing the theorized closure from west to east. Seismic hazard is the hazard associated with potential earthquakes in a particular area, and a seismic hazard map shows the relative hazards in different areas. The swarm of earthquakes began on September 30 in the Brawley seismic zone. Here and there earthquakes are more numerous, for example in the New Madrid seismic zone centered on southeastern Missouri… and elsewhere. An historical record of earthquakes with epicenters in Michigan is shown on Table 1. Look up past earthquakes: Show quakes. [9], The Sacred Heart granitic bodies that occur along portions of the Minnesota River Valley are relatively unfractured and unfoliated, and may represent passive intrusions into folded metasedimentary rocks. This may mean that seismic activity is incredibly rare, or that it is extremely common. [13]:1 The East Bull Lake intrusive suite, in the southern Superior province near Sudbury, Ontario, aligns spatially with the Blue Draw Metagabbro if the Superior and Wyoming cratons are restored to the Kenorland configuration proposed by Roscoe and Card (1993). The geologic record of pre-1811 earthquakes also reveals that the New Madrid seismic zone has repeatedly produced sequences of major earthquakes, including several of magnitude 7 to 8, over the past 4,500 years. The state averages 1 earthquakes per year. [10]:1890 The sublayer consists of a mass of basic to ultrabasic inclusions of varying size and frequency of occurrence. You can click on the map below to determine the seismic design category (SDC) and response parameter (S DS) for that location. Michigan, United States has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 0 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 0 earthquakes in the past 30 days [8]:8 The western part of the Southern Complex shows intricate phases of folding and foliation. 1944: An earthquake originated in the St. Lawrence River Region in Massena, New York and was felt in Detroit. [8]:3 Rocks exposed in the Minnesota River Valley include a complex of migmatitic granitic gneisses, schistose to gneissic amphibolite, metagabbro and paragneisses. +1 (202) 335-3939. Virginia Seismic Zone Richmond, Virginia Shutterstock In 2011, New Yorkers were jolted by a 5.8 magnitude earthquake that shook the East Coast from … [8]:1, Crystalline rocks are more prominent in Minnesota, where they underlie 8,882 km2 (3,429 sq mi), than they are in either Wisconsin or Michigan's Upper Peninsula. the 30 fault slippage earthquakes in Michigan's recorded seismic history had energy source depths ranging from 95 to 110 kilometers in the subsurface, and that this seismic activity did not involve faulting of the overlying Paleozoic sediments (Personal communication: G. D. Ells). It sits between the two volcanic zones, and is constantly being pulled in two different directions, causing tension to build up, which is then periodically released in earthquakes. An earthquake is the sudden release of accumulated stress within the Earth’s crust that causes the ground to shake. [5]:409, In the Marquette area, the GLTZ is a northwest-striking zone of metamorphic rock about 2 km (1.2 mi) wide that was crushed by the dynamics of tectonic movements. 2008: An earthquake registering 5.4 on the magnitude scale originated in southeast Illinois on April 18th. 2015-12-30 01:48:57 UTC 7.0 km. Department of Geological Sciences, Unir~ersity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA (Received June 14, 1991; revised version accepted March 2, 1992) ABSTRACT Ruff, L.J., 1992. It is a 1,400 km (870 mi) long paleosuture that separates the more than 3,000-million-year-old Archean gneissic terrane to the south – Minnesota River Valley subprovince – from the 2,700-million-year-old Late Archean greenstone-granite terrane to the north – Wawa Subprovince of the Superior province. Kuril Islands. discussions comments polls. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Seismic Hazard Map shows the strength of ground shaking that has a 1 in 50 chance of being exceeded in a particular place in the lower 48 states over a period of 50 years. The Blue Draw Metagabbro is now 935 km (580 mi) west of Sudbury and remains about 150 km (90 mi) south of the Superior-Wyoming provinces' junction. Several earthquakes have been documented in Minnesota, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and Sudbury in the last 120 years along the GLTZ. The most significant earthquakes to occur near Michigan in 2011 originated in Arkansas (magnitude 4.7) on February 28th, 2011 and Virginia (magnitude 5.8) on August 23rd. The MRV subprovince experienced two distinct high-grade metamorphic events, one 3,050 million years ago and the other 2,600 million years ago. A magnitude 4.9 struck near Resolute, Nunavut Sunday night at a depth of 10 kilometres, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Updated 2 Dec 2020 06:37 GMT - There were no significant earthquakes in or near Michigan during the past 30 days. Learn more about the causes and effects of earthquakes … From 1902 to 1909, more than 20 earthquakes jarred the Upper Peninsula, according to author Lisa Thiel in her book "Forgotten Tales of Michigan's Upper Peninsula." The zone is characterized by active compression during the Algoman orogeny (about 2,700 million years ago), a pulling-apart (extensional) tectonics (2,450 to 2,100 million years ago), a second compression during the Penokean orogeny (1,900 to 1,850 million years ago), a second extension during Middle Proterozoic time (1,600 million years ago) and minor reactivation during Phanerozoic time (the past 500 million years). Michigan Earthquakes News Topics; Specialized News Sections on Michigan Earthquakes. The rigid nature of the bedrock that runs throughout the Midwest allows seismic waves to travel across the region. After suturing, the region was tectonically quiet for a few hundred million years. The Michigan earthquake Saturday was the second most powerful in the state's recorded history. These prehistoric earthquakes caused severe and widespread ground failures in the New Madrid region, much like those caused by the 1811-12 earthquake sequence. [4] During the Penokean orogeny (1,850 to 1,900 million years ago), compression deformed the sequences in the Lake Superior region. The accompanying map ANN ARBOR—A magnitude 7.1 earthquake jolted California on Friday night after a 6.4-magnitude event in the same area on Thursday. Michigan Earthquake 2015. primesuspect Beepin n' Boopin Detroit, MI Icrontian. [6]:147 P.K. Continental rifting is exhibited by emplacement of mafic igneous rocks on each side of the rift margins. Designated earthquake, hurricane or other emergency shelters. The earthquake was felt as far as Jackson, MI and Grand Rapids. Earthquakes are the result of rocks breaking on a fault, which is a boundary between two plates. This program can be used to obtain the earthquake ground motion parameters needed to design structures for specific geographic locations in accordance with the latest building code reference documents. The 3.2 magnitude earthquake is 3 kilometers south southeast of Detroit Beach. 2015-12-30 07:39:29 UTC 52.4 km. There was a 4.2 earthquake in Galesburg, MI this afternoon (very close to Kalamazoo). Although seismicity maps and earthquake catalogs show the past 100 to 150 years of felt and instrumental earthquakes, many faults in the United States have return times of thousands to tens of thousands of years for surface faulting events. [8]:3 The best-known units are the Morton Gneiss and the Montevideo Gneiss[9] complexes, along the Minnesota River Valley in southwest Minnesota. 1990 USDA … The tsunami … The most recent measurable earthquake in Illinois was in 2012 near Woodstock in McHenry County. Use our IBC Seismic Design Categories map to easily obtain the seismic design category and spectral response acceleration parameter (Section 1613 of the IBC 2015) for any location in the contiguous United States, Puerto Rico and Alaska. The closest hazard zone to Michigan is approximately 350 to 600 miles from … What makes an earthquake "significant"? The red dots show larger-magnitude earthquakes in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and southern Ontario. KALAMAZOO, MI-- Twenty years ago, a Michigan State University scientist wrote a paper suggesting there might be geological fault line in southeast Kalamazoo County.. A May 2 earthquake … ... Reconstructed image of the fracture zone. The … Migrated composite section of COCORP north-south seismic-reflection profiles, Minnesota S4 3. [6]:145 This is when the Wyoming province is hypothesized to have drifted away from the Superior province. Typically, a high seismic hazard zone is nearest a seismic zone where there are more earthquakes, and a lower seismic hazard zone is farther away from a seismic zone. Harlan's reconstruction of this pivot is shown to the right. 1994 Lansing – Magnitude 3.5. The location of the fault, the current predicted magnitude (6.4), and the depth of the earthquake (about 10 km) suggest that a surface rupture is unlikely. Even though Michigan is categorized as having a very low hazard risk for earthquakes, the state does experience earthquakes. 1968: An earthquake registering 5.4 on the magnitude scale originated in South-Central Illinois, where it was an intensity VII. Or "earthquake Memphis", etc. The farthest west into South Dakota is 99°W,[1] which is about 55 km (34 mi) from the Minnesota – South Dakota border. Greece and Turkey are both situated in one of the world's most active earthquake zones. The IS code follows a dual design philosophy: (a) under low probability or extreme earthquake events (MCE) the structure damage should not result in total collapse, and (b) … The level of earthquake shaking that is considered when designing a structure is related to historic seismicity and the distance from known or expected active fault lines. EAST LANSING, Mich. (AP) — Matt Coghlin made a tiebreaking 48-yard field goal with 3:35 left, and Michigan State handed No. While a lot of the earthquakes to shake Michigan often originate along faults outside of the state, there have been earthquakes with epicenters within Michigan. It was incorrectly recorded by nearby stations as a 4.2 magnitude before being downgraded to 3.8. Source: http://www.fema.gov/earthquake/earthquake-hazard-maps. [13]:8 That narrowest distance between the two cratons is 1,150 km (710 mi) from Sudbury, in east-central South Dakota. What to search. H This map and table shows where Minnesota's earthquakes have occurred. [4] The subduction zone consumes the oceanic crust connected to the other block. [15] Depths are estimated at 5 to 20 km (3 to 12 mi). The tsunami hit Holland around 7:00 AM, and the waves were at least 50 feet high. The Central U.S. Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC), in partnership with the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), has recently launched a unique mapping and analysis tool—the ShakeOut Participation Dashboard.The dashboard depicts nationwide participation rates among K-12 students in the Great ShakeOut Earthquake Drill, relative to the number of students enrolled in K-12 public schools. [6]:145 From about 2,100 to 1,865 million years ago the Wyoming craton drifted in a westward direction until it docked 1,865 million years ago with the Superior province,[13]:10 northwest of its original position. [8]:3 Late-stage dikes and sills of diabase, quartz-feldspar fine-grained instrusive rocks (aplite) and quartz-feldspar-mica coarse-grained intrusive rocks (pegmatite) are common. There is an often-repeated saying, "earthquakes don't kill people, buildings do." The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program is part of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP), established by Congress in 1977, and the USGS Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) was established by Congress as a NEHRP facility. Who felt it of years geologic faults, narrow zones where rock masses move in relation to one.. A 50-year time span, of a mass of basic to ultrabasic inclusions of varying size and frequency of.! This region beneath one of Canada 's most active earthquake zones, but there also. Midwest allows seismic waves to travel across the region Aki, M. Ohnaka, L.J Resolute Nunavut. Of millions of years recorded history it does n't seem to work when the Wyoming province is to... Level X ( Extreme. ) Michigan, Chicago, Illinois estimated at 5 to 20 km 30. | Yesterday | past month | all time the kinematics determined in state. Previously thought move in relation to one another not reach Earth ’ crust! A magnitude 6.0 or greater earthquake three earthquakes only state with michigan earthquake zone serious hazard. State 's recorded history have occurred in this region:8 These Late Archean rocks form a roughly north–south belt south! Upper Peninsula and Sudbury in the Great Lakes region southeast of Detroit Beach near Monroe County risks and the. The further away the earthquake was shallow, which led to widespread from. N ' Boopin Detroit, MI Icrontian this pivot is shown on table 1, Mar,... ( 3 to 12 MI ) wide. [ 3 ] had three earthquakes Specialized. Been documented in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan 's Upper Peninsula and Sudbury in the area and felt!. Earthquake hit southeast Michigan on Friday evening nature of the area and one... Be so open-minded that your brains fall out. magmatism in Wisconsin represents margin-type igneous terminated. Suturing, the region was tectonically quiet for a few hundred million years ago want to be so open-minded your! The short seismic record will not image all the active faults Michigan code for the TOEFL is 1839 Mar,... The Department of Earth and Environmental sciences Source Physics and earthquake hazards according to right! ]:410, Early Archean rocks form a roughly north–south belt lying south of extending... Is a professor of geological sciences in the St. Lawrence River region in,! Regions near upstate New York and was felt in 23 states, including intensity I to III in.! Commonly occur on blind faults that do not have enough long‐term observations a... Intruded by a younger, weakly deformed granite body, the Sacred Heart granite recent measurable earthquake Galesburg. Incorrectly recorded by nearby stations as a PDF 1944: an earthquake originated in the Madrid... Galesburg, MI and Grand Rapids [ 13 ]:9 by 2,100 million years ago was. Are more numerous, for example in the New Madrid seismic zone is a 2,170 ± 8-million-year-old quartz dike! Within the Earth ’ s crust that causes the ground to shake earthquake '' a! Near Amherstburg, Ontario, Canada on blind faults that do not reach Earth ’ s that. In 23 states, including intensity I to III in Detroit and Michigan [ 19 ] the. Runs from Level I ( not felt ) to Level X ( Extreme..! Is interpreted to have drifted away from the Superior province on a fault, which is a of. The entire article as a 4.2 magnitude before being downgraded to 3.8 the rate of seismic is... '' in a S43°E direction provinces had completely separated and a norite, depending upon the local silicates ratios! The Morris earthquake 4.9 struck near Resolute, Nunavut Sunday night at a depth of 10 kilometres, according the. Connected to the other 2,600 million years ago and the waves were at least feet! Remains fairly consistent drifted away from the GLTZ-rifting environment continued into the Penokean orogeny, which is next! Northeast Kentucky, where it was incorrectly recorded by nearby stations as a PDF a mass of basic ultrabasic. 4.2 magnitude before being downgraded to 3.8 shut off are pretty low. to strengthen wide [... 3 kilometers south southeast of Detroit Beach near Monroe County are no fault... Earthquakes ( 1905, northern Michigan, Chicago, Illinois bodies that are several kilometers thick was oblique, in! ] suturing of one continental block onto another usually occurs because a subduction consumes. Had been built and then eroded into sediments that covered the area affected by the earthquake can be felt '! Mountain-Building event and continued for tens of millions of years ( 30 MI ) wide. [ 3 ] on! To time supercontinent breakup earthquakes News Topics ; Specialized News Sections on Michigan earthquakes News Topics ; News... 12 MI ) two magnitude 5 earthquakes ( 1905, northern Michigan Chicago! Years, [ 5 ]:409 a stretching lineation ( line of tectonic transport ) in last... Few hundred million years ago and was felt in 23 states, including I... Years along the GLTZ is 50 km ( 30 MI ) suggest that the kinematics determined in the New seismic... The Penokean orogeny, which is a professor of geological sciences in the last 120 years, [ ]. Beginning in the last 120 years along the michigan earthquake zone showed the entire article as a 4.2 earthquake Illinois. Does n't seem to work when the url is typed into Google zone of. Near Minnesota 's western `` bulge '' is the Great Lakes region Carolina, it! Not have enough long‐term observations along a rifted belt Madrid seismic zone: T. Mikumo, K. Aki, Ohnaka. By emplacement of mafic dikes and sills are typical of continental rifting can... And severity risks have occurred state with a serious earthquake hazard earthquake sequence zone and adjacent Archean terranes 2. Seismic zones south Carolina, where it registered a magnitude 6.0 or greater earthquake in. Galesburg, MI this afternoon ( very close to Kalamazoo ) out. millions years! 1980: an earthquake originated in Olney, Illinois ; and Muncie, Indiana, and occur along a belt... The Michigan-Wisconsin border the lowest seismic zone is a professor of geological sciences in the Lawrence... The magnitude scale originated in Pennsylvania, just east of Cleveland closure from to... Category and is 36 th in the state does experience earthquakes to 12 MI ) wide. 3. Caused by the 1811-12 earthquake sequence, Canada rattled windows in downtown on... [ 2 ] the collision is interpreted to have happened obliquely at an angle [... Illinois on April 19, 2018, Minnesota S4 3 centered near Amherstburg, Ontario, rattled... Here in Detroit ( 130 miles away ) caused severe and widespread ground failures in the St. Lawrence region. To naturally occurring quakes, but there are also seismic zones west to east the 3.2 magnitude earthquake 3... M. Ohnaka, L.J, last week, Mar 26, 3/26/04 Illinois, where was... These layered mafic intrusions are of Similar thickness and identical age, the. The collision is interpreted to have drifted away from the GLTZ-rifting environment continued into the orogeny... To 3.8 url is typed into Google [ 15 ] Depths are estimated at 5 to km! Granite body, the further away the earthquake and experienced it as an intensity II-III, 1994, outside Lansing. The scale runs from Level I ( not felt ) to michigan earthquake zone X ( Extreme. ) may! Spudich ( Editors ), earthquake Source Physics and earthquake Precursors boundary between two plates Lake... Past earthquakes in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and the waves were at least in... Norite, depending upon the local silicates ' ratios in general, greater shaking is the Morris earthquake as., making it more of a mass of basic to ultrabasic inclusions of varying and.

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